Legislation co-sponsored by Assemblywoman Eliana Pintor Marin that was part of a four-bill package to get more public school students enrolled in federally funded breakfast and lunch programs was released Monday by the Assembly Education Committee.
New Jersey ranks 19th in the country for participation in the school breakfast program.
After an analysis of New Jersey Department of Agriculture data, Advocates for Children of New Jersey found the state’s breakfast program served breakfast to 4 percent, or roughly 10,600, fewer poor students during the previous school year. A report by The Food Research and Action Center calculated that the state missed out on $13 million in additional federal funding for failing to meet the national recommendation that 70 percent of low-income students receive school breakfast.
The four bill package would require eligible schools to adopt or apply for federally funded meal programs to ensure more students are eating breakfast on a daily basis, and that meals continue during the summer. They also task school districts with collecting data to help assess the amount of student lunch debt amassed by schools, which has led to lunch shaming and kids being denied meals.
Pintor Marin's bill, A-3504, would require every school district – in which 50 percent or more of the students enrolled in the district on or before the last school day before October 16 of the preceding school year were eligible for free or reduced price meals – to become a sponsor of the federal Summer Food Service Program (SFSP).
The federal Summer Food Service Program ensures that low-income children continue to receive nutritious meals when school is not in session. The program reimburses sponsors for administrative and operational costs to provide meals for children 18 years of age and younger during periods when they are out of school for 15 or more consecutive school days. It is funded by the United States Department of Agriculture and administered by the state Department of Agriculture.
Under the bill, school districts that meet the criteria for sponsorship would have to submit a plan to the Department of Agriculture no later than one year after the bill becomes law. The school district would have to become a sponsor, based upon its plan, no later than two years after the bill’s enactment. A waiver from the sponsorship requirement would be allowed under certain conditions.
“Making sure that kids eat a nutritious breakfast and lunch every day can be a challenge for working parents,” said Pintor Marin (D-Essex). “This would help provide students balanced meals during the summer without placing a financial burden on already cash-strapped schools.”
The bill was also co-sponsored by Assembly Democrats Pamela Lampitt and Arthur Barclay.
Also part of the four bill package:
A-3506 would require a public school – in which 70 percent or more of the students enrolled in the school on or before the last school day before October 16 of the preceding school year were eligible for free or reduced price meals – to establish a “breakfast after the bell” program in the school. Under current law, a school with 5 percent or more of those eligible students must have a school lunch program, and a school with 20 percent or more of those eligible students must have a school breakfast program.
Students who receive free or reduced price breakfast at school must get to school early and eat breakfast before their first class. The breakfast after the bell program allows students to eat breakfast after the official start of the school day.
The bill would require each school district to adopt a plan for establishment of a “breakfast after the bell” program for all grades at each qualifying school within one year after the effective date of the bill. Any such plan must be developed by the school district and adopted by the school board. Within six months after the effective date of the bill, each school district must notify the Department of Agriculture and the Department of Education, of the “breakfast after the bell” plan it adopted.
Any school district currently providing a school “breakfast after the bell” program for all grades would not be required to adopt a new plan.
The bill would also allow a public school to establish a paid “breakfast after the bell” program for students not eligible for free or reduced price meals.
A-3503 would require every school district in which there is at least one school that qualifies for the Community Eligibility Provision (CEP), but is not implementing it, to report the reasons for nonparticipation in writing to the Department of Agriculture and the Department of Education.
The CEP is a federally funded reimbursement alternative for eligible, high-poverty local educational agencies and schools participating in the federal school breakfast and lunch programs. The CEP allows the nation’s highest poverty schools and school districts to serve breakfast and lunch at no cost to all enrolled students without collecting individual household applications.
A-3502 would require school districts to report the number of students who are denied school breakfast or school lunch pursuant to current law to the Department of Agriculture on a quarterly basis. Under the bill, the department would then have to forward this information to the Department of Education.
Currently, if a public school student is behind on his or her school breakfast or lunch bill, the district must notify the student’s parent or guardian and provide a period of 10 school days to pay the amount due. If the bill is not paid by the end of the 10 school days, the district would then have to provide a second notice that school breakfast or school lunch, as applicable, will not be served to the student beginning one week from the date of this second notice unless payment is made in full.
The bills were released by the Assembly Education Committee.